Byron is born on 22 January in London to Catherine Gordon, a Scottish
heiress, and Captain John 'Mad Jack' Byron. He is officially
named George Noel Gordon, for - as part of the marriage settlement -
his father took his mother's family name.
Byron is taken by his mother to Aberdeen, Scotland. They live
above a perfumers' shop. His father is mostly absent, returning
occasionally to beg money from his wife. Byron and his mother are
Byron's father dies in France, possibly a suicide.
Byron enters his first school, in Aberdeen.
He attends Aberdeen Grammar School. In 1794, on the death of his
great uncle, he becomes heir to the title Baron Byron of Rochdale.
He is titled Lord Byron and moves with his mother to Newstead Abbey,
ancestral home of the Byrons.
Byron attends Harrow School. In 1803, he falls his love with Mary
his neighbor at Newstead. She rejects him.
Byron enters Trinity College, Cambridge. He is popular and makes
several devoted friends.
His first volume of poems, Fugitive Pieces, is privately
printed. Upon the Reverend John Beecher's objections to some of
the poems, Byron withdraws the volume.
Poems on Various Occasions, an expurgated version
Pieces, is privately printed. Later in the year the volume
appears in a public printing as Hours of Idleness.
On 13 March, Byron takes his seat in the House of Lords.
Hours of Idleness receives a scathing
in the Edinburgh Review. On 4 July, Byron receives his A.M.
Byron responds to bad reviews with English Bards and Scotch
On 2 July, he sails from Falmouth for Lisbon with his friend John Cam
They travel through Portugal, Spain, Malta, and Albania, reaching
the end of the year. Byron writes the first Canto of "Childe
(later Childe Harold's Pilgrimage).
Continues to travel through Greece and Turkey. On 3 May, Byron
and swims the Hellespont from Sestos to Abydos. He writes the
canto of "Childe Burun".
Byron returns to England on 14 July. His mother dies soon after,
as does his friend John Edleston ("Thyrza").
Byron delivers speeches in the House of Lords. Childe
cantos I and II, published in March. Byron meets his future wife
for the first time. He has a scandalous affair with Lady
Lamb. He has another affair with the countess of Oxford. He
has another affair with Lady Webster.
Publication of The Giaour (June) and The Bride of
Abydos (December). Some biographers believe he begins an
affair with his half
sister, Augusta Leigh, but the 'evidence' is nebulous.
Publication of The Corsair (January) and Lara
(August). Augusta's daughter, Elizabeth Medora, is born and later
her father. Byron becomes engaged to Annabella Milbanke.
Byron marries Annabella on 2 January. Publication of Hebrew
Melodies. Daughter, Augusta Ada, born to Byron and Annabella
Byron's wife leaves him in January. The Siege of Corinth
and Parisina are published in February. In April
the separation from his wife is formalized. Byron leaves England
forever on 24 April. Arriving in Geneva, he befriends Percy and
Mary Shelley and Claire Clairmont, spends the summer with them, and has
an affair with Claire. He then travels to Venice and has an
Marianna Segati, his landlord's wife. At the end of the year, Childe
Harold canto III and The Prisoner of Chillon are
Byron's daughter, Allegra, is born to Claire Clairmont on 12
travels to Rome with Hobhouse and returns to settle in Venice.
He has an affair with Margarita Cogni, wife of a Venetian baker.
Newstead Abbey. Manfred is published in June.
Beppo (satire in the ottava rima of Don
Juan) is published in February. The Shelleys come to Italy
and are with Byron from March to November. Childe Harold canto IV
published in April. Byron's daughter Allegra comes to
Venice. She is eventually sent to a convent.
Byron begins an affair with the married Countess Teresa
Guiccioli. Mazeppa is
published in June, Don Juan cantos I
and II in July. Byron moves to
Ravenna at the end of the year to be near Teresa.
Byron lives in the Guiccioli palace with his daughter Allegra, Teresa
and her husband. He becomes
involved in the Carbonari movement, the Italian revolution against
Austrian rule. Teresa and her husband officially separate in July.
Teresa's family, the Gambas, are banished to Pisa after the defeat of
the Carbonari movement; Byron moves there with them. Marino
Faliero is published in April, Don Juan cantos III-V
in August, Cain, The Two Foscari, and Sardanapalus in
December. Byron promises Teresa to discontinue
Allegra dies in April. Leigh Hunt moves to Byron's house in June,
where they collaborate on the journal The Liberal.
Shelley is drowned 8 July in his boat, the Don Juan. The Vision
of Judgment appears in The Liberal in October.
Don Juan cantos VI-XIV is published. Byron
Greece, arriving at Missolonghi on 30 December.
Byron catches a chill in the rain on April 9. He dies at
19 April. Don Juan cantos XV and XVI are
published in March. In June, Byron is buried in Hucknall Torkard
Church, near Newstead Abbey. His memoirs, which he
intended for publication after his death, are burned by a group of his
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